What Is The Constant 5252?

How much horsepower does an average car have?

A typical car in America has something around a 120-horsepower engine.

A big SUV might have a 200-horsepower engine, and a tiny car might have only 70 horsepower..

Why do lower gears have more torque?

Lower gears have a bigger radius thus applying more torque (torque equals the cross product of force and displacement vectors). Also, output power=torque*angular speed. Hence assuming the same speed a lower gear will produce more power, as simple as that.

Why is torque divided 5252?

Back to the magic 5,252 number though, and why horsepower and torque are mystically intertwined there. … One horsepower is equal to 33,000 foot-pounds of work per minute. Add in the equations relating to torque and velocity, and you’ll find that horsepower always equals torque multiplied by rpm, divided by 5,252.

How is 5252 derived?

One revolution is 360 degrees of a circle. Since the circumference of a circle is (2 x pi x radius), there are 2-pi radians in a revolution. … If we divide the 550 foot-pounds by the 0.10472 radians per second (engine speed), we get 550/0.10472, which equals 5,252.

Why does torque drop at high rpm?

At high RPM, torque drops off primarily from intake and exhaust flow restriction. Volumetric Efficiency declines because the engine can’t breathe any faster. Mechanical efficiency also declines at higher RPM, due to increased frictional resistance. This further reduces torque at the output.

Can you have negative torque?

Technically, torque is also a vector – but that might be a little too much at this point. … Oh, torque can be positive or negative. Let us say that a positive torque would make a stationary object rotate counter clockwise and a negative torque would make it rotate clockwise.

How many HP is 200cc?

10 horsepowerOn average you could expect around 5–10 horsepower from a 200cc engine, but it can vary hugely. CC is a measurement of volume or size where Engine horsepower is a measurement of power output at certain rpm.

What is better to have torque or horsepower?

In simple terms, you can think of torque as a measure of how much work your vehicle can do. A healthy amount of torque is what pulls you up hills and helps you haul trailers around. Horsepower is all about speed and keeping your car moving. In general, more horsepower means you’re getting a faster car.

How many ft lbs is 1 HP?

550 ft lbf1 Horsepower (Imperial Mechanical): 550 ft lbf/s. Approximately 745.69987158227022 Watts (SI).

What is the right hand rule for torque?

The direction of the torque can be found by the right-hand rule for cross products: put your fingers in the direction of the first vector ( ) and your palm facing in the direction of the second vector ( ); your thumb will point in the direction of the cross product ( ).

What is the advantage of high torque?

Benefits of torque Having high torque force as the engine rotation (RPM) increases makes transporting heavy loads far easier and more efficient. Easier for driving up steep inclines – Having extra torque is also what creates enough power to get a vehicle going from, particularly when moving up steep inclines.

How is engine power calculated?

Multiply the torque by the engine speed. You will be using the formula (RPM * T) / 5252=HP, where RPM is the engine speed, T is the torque, and 5,252 is radians per second. The first calculation you want to do is multiply the torque and the engine speed. For example, a Porsche generates 480 of torque at 2,500RPM.

Why diesel engines have more torque?

Diesel engine burns up the fuel a bit more efficiently, and diesel fuel has a bit higher energy content than gasoline, so a diesel piston should actually deliver more power from burning the same volume of fuel. This means more energy is transferred to piston, increasing the amount of torque through crankshaft.

How much horsepower is enough?

Right between 200 and 300 horsepower is the sweet spot for many drivers. Be cautious with models that approach 300 horsepower, unless the vehicle is a heavy truck or another large model.

What happens to speed when you increase torque?

So more the torque, less is the angular speed required for the same rate of work consumption. If the input power is constant, torque and angular speed become inversely proportional. Only then does the angular speed decreases as the torque increases. … High torque gives low speed and low torque gives high speed.

Does higher torque mean faster acceleration?

Basically, the faster the crankshaft spins with the same amount of force, the more power an engine will make. A car with more hp than torque will always be quicker since this gives a car acceleration and speed. … Higher torque doesn’t mean one vehicle will necessarily be faster than another, though.

Is all horsepower equal?

Does one horsepower equal one horse? Not quite. It’s a common misconception that one horsepower is equal to the peak power production of a horse, which is capable of a maximum of around 14.9 horsepower. By comparison, a human being is capable of approximately five horsepower at peak power production.

How much torque does a 1 hp motor have?

The 1800 RPM, 1HP motor produces 3 ft. lbs of torque at 1800 RPM. The 3600 RPM, 1HP motor produces 1.5 ft.

What is the formula to calculate torque?

A practical way to calculate the magnitude of the torque is to first determine the lever arm and then multiply it times the applied force. The lever arm is the perpendicular distance from the axis of rotation to the line of action of the force. and the magnitude of the torque is τ = N m.

What is a positive torque?

The rotation of a clock’s hands is the reference for defining rotational direction. Counterclockwise is the positive rotation direction and clockwise is the negative direction. For example, a torque that rotates an object counterclockwise is a positive torque (see figure 6 below).

Is clockwise left or right?

A clockwise (typically abbreviated as CW) motion is one that proceeds in the same direction as a clock’s hands: from the top to the right, then down and then to the left, and back up to the top.